Volvo Amazon Picture Gallery  Volvo Amazon Picture Gallery 

Volvo Amazon Model Years

This page is a serious attempt to present the differences between the fourteen model years of the Volvo Amazon. It is not a complete record of those differences. Partly because Volvo didn't get the whole model year concept straight until the mid 1960s but instead changed many details at certain chassis numbers. The term model year is not established within Volvo until after the launch of the 122 S and the PV 544 in the USA in 1959, and even after that it takes several years before the concept is in full use in the organization. Volvo continues to make several changes during the model years after this and probably do so still today. Partly because of Volvo's penchant for mixing and matching whatever happened to be on the shelves at any given time. Still by the early 1960s, Volvo was a small business with the intent to sell anything they could sell. It should also be mentioned here that Volvo has always been paying very close attention to customer needs: if a customer wanted a sports equiped P 220 Amazon Estate with the bigger engine and overdrive transmission, then the customer got just that - regardless of whether or not that particular edition was made in just that one unit or as part of a series. One example is a customer who in the spring of 1962 asked why he couldn't get an Amazon with automatic clutch. Volvo answered that automatic clutch had been available on the models with the B16 engine but that the demand simply had been too low. But if a customer wanted his Amazon delivered with Saxomatic clutch "then we will be able to accomodate such a request through our service network."

Until the mid 1920s the American car manufacturers did what Volvo did up until the mid 1960s, i.e. they introduced changes more or less continuously into production. But the sales of cars varied during the year and for instance open cars sold better in spring, and it was important to have new cars ready by fall when the farmers' harvests were over and the car agencies were real busy. It was simply best practice to have most/all changes introduced at one point in time early during the fall rather than at the turn of the year. In 1925 the term model year is used for the first time by management at General Motors, is soon established and used also further down the street by Ford and Chrysler.

Volvo has not bothered to document all changes concerning parts in the production, which also makes it difficult to make this page complete (or, rather, to know if it ever becomes complete). It can for instance be a part that initially came as chromed but later appears completely in aluminum. There are most likely cost reasons behind this but it can also be pure risk spreading by having several suppliers of the same part (which not only the vast number of suppliers of the electric components show), but regardless this is done without Volvo changing the part number or otherwise documenting the change.

So please note that as Volvo did not consistently use the term model year during the first years of Volvo Amazon production, the descriptions below are in one sense afterthoughts mainly concerning the model years 1957 - 1961.

The descriptions on this page mainly relates to the cars sold on the Swedish market.

Model year: 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970




Let's start from the beginning:

1957 - Volvo P 1200 or Volvo P 120 AMAZON is introduced to a well represented crowd of resellers on Friday, August 3rd 1956 in Skövde and to the public on the weekend of September 1st and 2nd the same year in Örebro. The car is priced at SEK 12,600 ex works Gothenburg which at the time equaled USD 2,435. As a customer you have to pay SEK 4,000 down payment (close to a third of the value of the car) and get promised delivery in January 1957. Production is preceded this first model year by two prototypes, called X1 and X2; read more about them in the section on history. The engine in the new Volvo is based on the B4 B from the PV 444 and is named B16 A. The displacement yields 97 CID (1,583 cm3) and the engine is armored with one Zenith 34 VN carburetor. According to Volvo, the car has a top speed of 90 mph (145kph), but turns out to rust easily and has serious issues with water leakage. The brakes are also an issue. The side windows has the habit of falling down by themselves and the gearshift lever rattles when driving. The first series produced Amazon is delivered as pigeon blue with white roof. It exists still today but is in quite miserable condition. Volvo Amazon is available as black with grey beige roof (49), as grey beige with black roof (50), as cherry red with grey beige roof (51) or as single tone black (19) or olive green (56). Single tone finish is extra option, but is not particularly popular one - most customers prefer the two-tone finish, which is easy to understand as it is one of the strongest characteristics of the new Volvo. Midnight blue with grey beige roof (54) is introduced later during the model year, from ch.-no. 1933 (but also ch.-no. 19) The very first ten or so production cars had the door archs painted in the same color as the roof, just like the prototypes, and also has a finer masking of the radiator grille than later 1957 cars have and glove shelf in metal sheet (painted in the same color as the car). After 248 produced cars, Volvo briefly stopped the production to address some of these early problems. Volvo also promise more efficient and less expensive maintenance due to a reduced number of grease points. When introduced, the car caused some surprise for a relatively underdimensioned engine with a performance matching (in some cases exceeding) many sports cars at the time. Below are some of the car's characteristics:

  • Laminated windshield
  • Padded instrument panel top for additional safety
  • Dash pad extends to the doors
  • Dual padded sun visors
  • Narrow bumper guards front and rear
  • Two-point front seatbelt attachments *
  • Split chrome grille with thick edges and wide midsection
  • Delivered in both single and two-tone finish
  • Clear turn signal glass and red tail light glass
  • Head lights with wide coaming that follow the lines of the fenders
  • Letters "V O L V O" in gold on nose and chrome list on top
  • "Amazon" badge in gold color on fenders
  • "Volvo" badge in gold color below trunk lid
  • "Amazon" text on the radio panel
  • 6V electric system (with DC generator)
  • B16 A engine with 60 hp (DIN) / 66 hp (SAE)
  • Robust self-adjusting and self centered hydraulic drum brakes on all four wheels
  • Hydraulic adjusted 8" clutch
  • Hanging pedals
  • Radiator blind
  • Three speed H6 gearbox with reverse and unsynchronized first
  • "V" badge on gearshift lever top
  • 4" rims with big wheel caps
  • Chromed wheel caps with "V" in red ring
  • Tubeless low pressure tires of diagonal type, 5.90x15"
  • Front mud flaps
  • Heater and defroster
  • Heat levers to the left of the steering wheel (LHD)
  • Clock to the far right on the instrument panel (LHD) **
  • Speedometer grading up to 160 kph (100 mph)
  • Protective plexiglass in front of speedometer housing
  • Upholstery and interior in textile with parts of leatherette
  • Horizontal upholstery pressings on doors
  • Roof interior in textile
  • Non-foldable front seats
  • Handle on back of front seats
  • Handle on door side with chrome list and plastic underneath
  • Parking brake on door side (to allow for bench type front seat) with chrome ring on handle
  • Rear seat center armrest (foldable) ***
  • Chromed lists around front and back windows and along side rain gutters
  • Chromed, openable ventilation windows in front and back doors
  • Two 0.4" long chrome lists on B-pillar ****
  • Grey rubber mats on floor and in trunk
  • Complete tool set, jack and standing spare tire in trunk
  • Trisect red tail lights with long term parking light
  • Split trunk lid handle with red license plate lights
  • Opening and locking mechanism för trunk lid below this
  • Only one key - the ignition key fits all locks
  • Windshield wipers with two speeds and automatic return
Changes during the model year:
  • Thicker masking of the radiator grille around ch.-no. 10
  • Door arches on two-toned cars painted in same color as body (earlier same color as roof) around ch.-no. 10
  • Improved heater system from ch.-no. 109
  • New master brake cylinder from ch.-no. 160
  • Glove shelf no longer in metal sheet (sometime after ch.-no. 1864)
  • Improved hood opener from ch.-no. 510 *
  • New hand brake wire and protective cover from ch.-no. 535
  • Improved heating of occupant area through added air grating from ch.-no. 714
  • New turnsignal switch from ch.-no. 2611 (maybe somewhat earlier)
  • Changed design of front and rear side members and spring anchorages from ch.-no. 2611
  • New exhaust pipe from ch.-no. 2611
  • Shorter check straps on rear axle, 385mm vs 400mm before, from ch.-no. 2611
  • Changed hinging of hood from torsion spring to springed stay by left wheel house from ch.-no. 3699
  • Glass thickness on side windows increased from 0.16" to 0.20" from ch.-no. 4803 to avoid rattling
Options:
  • Right hand drive ******
  • Single tone finish
  • Electric windshield washers
  • Power brakes
  • Rear mud flaps
  • Complete underseal treatment
  • White wall tires (2 1/4")
Examples of accessories:
  • Two point static seat belts of diagonal type for the front seats (part numbers 279281 and 279282 respectively) *
  • Chromed rim rings
  • Chromed front seat recliners (makes front seats foldable)
  • Jerrican
  • Radio
  • Backup lamp
  • Box with extra light bulbs
  • Roof rack with holder and cover
  • Fan to the rear window









* Most resellers in Sweden equiped the cars with seatbelts before selling them - not only out of concern for the buyers' safety.
** Early ch.-no. with time adjustment screw in front through glass, late ch.-no. with time adjustment screw on back (also with bigger numbers).
*** Not all editions, for instance not upholstery code 9-109.
**** Between the doors: one in level with the mid list and the other in level with the side windows lower edge. The lower disappears around ch.-no. 1500.
***** Also ch.-no. 300, 361-366 and 437-450. Also fitted on already produced cars through Volvo's service organization.
****** Less than one percent of the customers in Sweden opt for this, despite the fact that Sweden at the time had left side traffic.


1958 - Production of cars that later are assigned to model year 1958 by Volvo starts in February 1958 and these distinguish themselves from the 1957 model year (which is still in production) by being fitted with the new, fully synchronized four speed transmission M4. This is possibly a reconstruction of the event by Volvo. One example of this is that cars with the older H6 gearbox were being produced in parallel with cars with the newer M4 gearbox (see the section on production). There are several other, minor differences (such as a smaller gap between the rear wheels and the rear wheel archs), but it is very questionable whether the concept of model year was at all used at Volvo at this time. The first exported Volvo Amazon goes to Denmark on April 16th 1958 when Princess Margrethe (now Queen of Denmark) is officially presented a Volvo Amazon on her 18th birthday. The color? Royal blue, ofcourse. Sales outside Sweden is initiated shortly thereafter but not under the name Volvo Amazon as the German moped manufacturer Kreidler owns the rights to the name "Amazon" (although not in Scandinavia). The cars exported outside Scandinavia are therefore officially called Volvo 121 and Volvo 122 S, depending on edition. Outside Scandinavia, the cars are fitted with "Volvo" badges on the fenders, same kind as the cars sold in Scandinavia had below the trunk lid. On some markets, the Volvo 121 / 122 S is sold without heater unit. During the model year, the Volvo Amazon Sport is introduced - initially outside Scandinavia only. This forces Volvo to think in new terms in regards to type designations. Sales outside Sweden is very slow. Volvo hire a certain Nils Bohlin to their safety department.

  • First sales outside Sweden
  • An added letter B in the type designation indicates the B-body
  • M4 fully synchronized gearbox (initially with the "V" but later with gear layout on gearshift lever top)
  • The air filters are now also available as oil bath type for both B16 A and B16 B
  • The clock is now an option, but only up to ch.-no. 13346 when the new instrument panel is introduced
  • Other options are electric windshield washers and two-point static seatbelts
Changes during the model year:
  • New handbrake bracket from ch.-no. 6306 (on some cars from ch.-no. 5425)
  • New, wider rear bumper overriders from approx. ch.-no. 7000
  • New version of the Zenith carburetor (B16 A), LHD cars from ch.-no. 8083 (on some cars from ch.-no. 7477), RHD cars from ch.-no. 9431
  • Changed throttle control linkage on LHD cars with B16 A from ch.-no. 8083 (on some cars from ch.-no. 7477)
  • The pressings in the upholstery on the doors and on the front seats become vertical from approx. ch.-no. 8500
  • "V" pressing in backseat disappears at the same time
  • Changed throttle control linkage on RHD cars with B16 A from ch.-no. 9431
  • New clutch withdrawal fork from ch.-no. 9442
  • New hood from ch.-no. 10337 *
  • New front end from ch.-no. 10337 *
  • New hood opener from ch.-no. 10337 *
  • New brake pedal shaft from ch.-no. 10447 (on some cars from ch.-no. 10076)
  • Changed throttle control linkage on LHD cars with B16 B from ch.-no. 11521 (on some cars from ch.-no. 11203)
  • Changed fastening of the grille frame and center moulding from ch.-no. 12022
  • New type designations and changed type designation plate from ch.-no. 12083
  • New door window exterior seal strip from ch.-no. 12690 (on some cars from ch.-no. 12438)
  • Changed design of rear side member brackets from ch.-no. 12793 **
  • New, bigger (1¾") exhaust pipe (earlier 1½") from ch.-no. 12793 **
  • New muffler from ch.-no. 12793 **
  • Two-point seatbelts in front are standard ***
  • Rims with welded lanes, previously riveted ***
Late in the model year (from ch.-no. 13346) the following is also introduced:
  • New instrument panels
  • New and improved heater unit
  • Heat and fan levers are moved to the center of the instrument panel
  • Choke lever moved to the left of the steering wheel ****, where fan lever used to be
  • Light switch moved to the left of the steering wheel ****, where the choke lever used to be
  • Switch for windshield washers moved to the left of the steering wheel ****, where the heat lever used to be
  • Cigarette lighter moved to the left ****, where the light switch used to be
  • New torpedo wall mats to fit the new instrument panels
  • New and more reliable speedometer
The Amazon Sport is presented at the Geneva Car Show in March 1958:
  • B16 B engine with 76 hp (DIN) / 85 hp (SAE) *****
  • Dual horizontal SU H4 carburetors
  • M4 fully synchronized gearbox
  • Chromed valve cover
  • Electrical windshield washers with switch under cigarette lighter (up to ch.-no. 13346)
  • Two-point seatbelts in front
  • More powerful horn
  • Mud flaps for all four wheels
  • "Amazon S" badges on fenders
  • Volvo states the top speed to be 100 mph (160 kph)
  • Initially only for export: "Volvo 122 S" badges on fenders ******
  • From September 1958 also in Scandinavia: "Amazon S" badges on fenders *******









* On some cars from ch.-no. 9743.
** On some cars from ch.-no. 12669.
*** Late during the model year.
**** On left hand drive cars, the opposite for right hand drive cars.
***** Essentially 88-89 hp (SAE) through (aside from dual carbs) different camshaft, lead-bronze bearings, different inlet valves and valve springs.
****** Type designation P 12105 VB/HB cars manufactured February - August 1958, thereafter P 12204 VB/HB. See the section on type designations.
******* Type designation P 12206 VB/HB. See the section on type designations.


1959 - Sales outside Sweden continue. The top picture below is from the 1959 Paris Car Salon and shows two Volvo 122 S on display, of which the one in the rear is in single tone finish (and with the hood made of plexi glass). Sales of the 122 S starts in the USA and the first cars arrive in Englewood, New Jersey on March 16th, 1959. Volvo 122 S is introduced together with the PV 544 in April at the International Automobile Show in New York, at which both Volvo CEO Gunnar Engellau as well as Sweden's ambassador to the USA Gunnar Jarring attends. A greybeige 122 S with black roof is shown together with a black with greybeige roof, the latter with hood and trunk lid in plexi glass. Some 2,000 Volvo 122 S are shipped to the USA during the year and the equipment level on these cars is adjusted somewhat for this market, including the classic front bumper bar as a complement to the front bumper (which are also reinforced). This was because the Volvo 122 S is very small compared with contemporary American cars, whose bumpers would hit a 122 S higher up in a collision. The 121 is not included in the sales plans for USA and Canada as the A-engine (with single carburetor) in the 121 is considered to be too weak for these two markets. The cars intended for the North American market came to be lavishly equiped compared to the Swedish editions (something which is true yet today). This is a sales brochure for the Volvo 122 S in USA. Sadly, not many of these 2,000 cars remain today but ch.-no. 21205 is one of them. Volvo still has some distance to go in terms of getting their model years straight and several changes are introduced at certain chassis numbers, this model year at 21000 with a very clear connection to the introduction of the car in the USA. During the year 30,016 new Volvos are registered for traffic in Sweden, the highest number a car manufacturer had ever achieved this far. In November, preparations begin for a new production plant in Torslanda further out on Hisingen outside Gothenburg when Volvo purchase 1,000 acres of land about 4 miles west of the Lundby plant and start preparing the access roads. The Police in Sweden buys eleven extra equipped Amazon Sport for traffic surveillance. The cars are painted black and white with the word POLIS on both sides, in front and in the back. This is new in Sweden and something they learned from America. Nils Bohlin becomes head of Volvo's safety department during the year at which he develops and patents a three-point static safety belt. The design holds both the upper and lower body in place, and is simple enough that the driver can buckle up with one hand. Volvo introduces the invention as standard equipment on the Volvo Amazon during the model year and thereby becomes the first car manufacturer in the world to equip series produced cars with three-point safety belts as standard. It has later been acknowledged as one of the most important inventions for mankind in the 20th century. During 1963, Volvo makes the patent available to all car manufacturers. Kreidler's moped Amazone is discuntinued during the year.

  • Complete underseal treatment is standard, with an added U in the type designation
  • The upper chrome list on the B-pillar disappears
  • Improved heating system
Changes during the model year:
  • Wheel cylinders of duoservo-type for the brakes on all wheels * from ch.-no. 15239 (some cars from ch.-no. 14986)
  • New hand brake wire and protective cover from ch.-no. 15239 (some cars from ch.-no. 14986)
  • New wheel hubs from ch.-no. 15239 (some cars from ch.-no. 14986)
  • New air filter bracket for cars with B16 A and conventional air filter (not oil bath type) from ch.-no. 17111 (on some cars from ch.-no. 16878)
  • New type of ventilation window on rear doors from ch.-no. 18880 (except for ch.-no. 18923)
  • New anchorage for rear tunnel from ch.-no. 19226 **
  • New window elevators on front and rear doors from ch.-no. 19826
  • Changed throttle control linkage on RHD cars (both B16 A and B16 B) from ch.-no. 21548
  • Steering wheel lock is eventually sold as accessory and fits from ch.-no. 22408 ***
  • Three-point seatbelts in front are now standard on some markets (not USA) from ch.-no. 24039
  • Fittings for two-point diagonal type rear seat belts are added from ch.-no. 24039 and belts are sold separately as accessory (part number 279495)
  • New floor mats both front and rear from ch.-no. 25000, in front now only one-piece (earlier also divided)
  • Changed spring anchorages from ch.-no. 25370 ****
  • New speedometer cable from ch.-no. 25719
  • New ash tray from ch.-no. 27817 to avoid rattling
  • Improved exhaust system from ch.-no. 27851
  • Changed fitting for seatbelts on B-column (from 100 mm to 80 mm) from ch.-no. 28000
  • Changed control unit of the heater and fresh air unit from ch.-no. 29951
  • Changed fixture of rear mud flaps from ch.-no. 32297
From and including ch.-no. 21000 (the introduction in the USA):
  • Tail lights are now bisect red and without the long term parking light
  • Switch for long term parking light removed
  • New trunk lid with opening and locking mechanism in lid
  • New trunk lid handle
  • Engine bracket reinforcement in wheel housing removed
  • New hood hinges
  • New gas pedal suspension and dust cover
  • New turn signal lights
  • New interior lamp
  • New switch for lights
  • Relay for headlights replaced with a fuse box with four 8 A fuses
  • Wires with cable shoes (previously soldered)
  • New torpedo wall mat retainers with rubber plugs
  • The "Volvo" badge under the trunk lid disappears
  • "Amazon" text on radio cover plate replaced with "VOLVO" text
Volvo 122 S is sold to customers in the United States:
  • Only in 122 S edition (engine B16 B and gearbox M4)
  • Type designation P 12208 UVB
  • "Volvo 122 S" badges on fenders *****
  • Upholstery entirely in leatherette (also leather, 15-113)
  • Backseat center armrest
  • Fitted with the classic front bumper tube ******
  • White wall tires (2 1/4") is standard equipment
  • Headlight dip switch is disabled (due to legal demands)
  • More narrow head light fenders *******
  • Different kind of headlamp insert units
  • Speedometer grading in miles per hour
  • English text on instruments and switches
  • Adjusted license plate retainers
  • Shipping hooks on bumper bar brackets

122 S på 1959 års Parissalong







* The one brake lining exercise (when braking) a pressure on the other brake lining, which results in a certain servo effect.
** On some cars from ch.-no. 18992.
*** Exactly when Volvo starts selling these is unclear, but it's probably later than this model year.
**** On some cars from ch.-no. 24918.
***** Same as later came on other markets with the B18 engine in 1962.
****** Only in front. Called the "America Tube" in Sweden. Also sold as third party accessory in Sweden, including a rear bumper guard.
******* Same later came on other markets during model year 1961. The protector casing is also changed.


1960 - Several earlier options now become standard on the Volvo 121 and the type designations are changed as a result of this where P12104UVB/UHB is replaced by P12106UVB/UHB on several markets. But the less equiped P12104UVB/UHB remain on some markets. There are serious plans for an assembly plant in Canada to reduce import duties, where it would be less expensive for Volvo to assemble the cars in Canada rather than importing them. The insurance company Volvia, a fully owned subsidary to Volvo, is founded and Volvo owners are offered a prolonged insurance policy the day that the warranty expires. This is a sales brochure for the 122 S this year.

  • Electric windshield washers first with 0.8l (later 1.0l) container is now standard *
  • Mud guards for all four wheels is now also standard
  • New standard equipment leads to retyping and new kerb weight: 2,580 lbs (LHD) and 2,560 lbs (RHD)
  • Two blind wires added from dash to trunk for extra equipment (one brown and one grey)
  • Engine ignition setting changed to 2°-4° BTDC for both 87 and 97 octane gasoline
Changes during the model year:
  • Trim moulding on door armrests (front and rear) disappears at ch.-no. 39965
  • The numbers in the upholstery code switch places from ch.-no. 39983
  • New roof interior from ch.-no. 40167 **
  • Panel behind rear seat disappears at ch.-no. 40167 **
  • New kind of heater casing in engine room from ch.-no. 40239
  • New fuel line between fuel pump and carburetor on cars with B16 A from ch.-no. 41160
  • More narrow head light fenders, from ch.-no. 42249 ***
  • New fuel hose between fuel pump and carburetors on cars with B16 B from ch.-no. 42569
  • New type of door armrests (front and rear) from ch.-no. 42734
  • Forward fuse box replaced by connector, from ch.-no. 43000 ****
  • Damping spring with roll on passenger seat to reduce rattling from ch.-no. 43000
  • New type of windshield washer pump from ch.-no. 43497 (also 42897, 43009-43251)
  • New headlamp insert units from ch.-no. 46776 (some cars from ch.-no. 46039)
  • New rear door handles from ch.-no. 47638 (some cars from ch.-no. 47293)
  • New front door handles from ch.-no. 48525
  • New steering gear on RHD cars from ch.-no. 53551 (some cars from ch.-no. 42897)
  • New steering gear on LHD cars from ch.-no. 54393 (some cars from ch.-no. 42897)
Last model year with:
  • Chrome ring on parking brake handle
  • Handles on back of front seats
  • Backseat center armrest (not P 12208 UVB)
  • The M4 gearbox





* Delivered by both Auto-Lite and SWF and these washers are alternate with eachother.
** Also ch.-no. 39983-40115, 40118-40150 and 40156-40164. The new roof interior comes in two versions: one in plastic and one in textile.
*** Also on some cars from ch.-no. 20061. The protector casing is also changed.
**** New wiring diagram from this ch.-no. Also on some cars from ch.-no. 42897.


1961 - One consequence of the introduction of the Volvo 122 S and the PV 544 in the USA in 1959 is that Volvo for the first time starts getting the model year concept straight. Cars manufactured between the industrial vacations in 1960 and 1961 belong to model year 1961, which is something that from now on is valid throughout the end of Volvo Amazon production. Major changes on the power train are introduced this year including new gearboxes with overdrive and saxomatic clutch available as option. Saxomatic clutch, a semi-automatic electric clutch that is activated when the gearshift lever is touched, more or less flunked in sales and can only be found on this model year. The same went for the M31 gearbox, that with overdrive on both second and third gears in principle has five gears. A total of 1,120 Volvo Amazon with M31 are produced during the model year (type designation 12133x) of which most were sold in Denmark. Saxomatic clutch is available both on cars with floor lever and on cars with steering wheel lever, and both to 121 and 122 S. These cars don't have a clutch pedal. The model year is the only one in which color midnight blue (31 and 35) is available. Major changes are also made on the interior. Volvo 122 S is now also assembled in Durban, South Africa by Motor Assemblies Ltd. Read more on the South African made cars in the section on production. Late during the model year, in May 1961, Volvo introduce the sports car P 1800, which is based on the chassis from the Amazon. Most people still consider the P 1800 to be a body trimmed Amazon, which is actually true. The prototypes of the P 1800, including P958-X3, are mechanically based on Volvo Amazon Sport model year 1958. Around the same time, the M41 becomes available on the Amazon with adaptions for 6V electric system (the P 1800 has 12V) and the B16 engine. This is a sales brochure for the 122 S this year.

  • Extended color program with several single-toned alternatives (midnight blue, mist green, slate blue, etc.)
  • New type designations are introduced with an added model year letter
  • New gearboxes M30, M31, M40 and M41 * are introduced
  • M31 and M41 are fitted with an Laycock de Normanville overdrive unit of type D
  • 121 is available with the gearboxes M30, M31 and M40
  • 122 S is available with the gearboxes M40 and M41
  • Cars with M30 and M31 come without gear layout on gearshift lever top **
  • Cars with overdrive are fitted with a special "Overdrive" badge on the trunk lid
  • Cars with overdrive have a lever opposite side of the steering wheel pole cover to toggle the overdrive
  • Cars with overdrive have a control lamp on the instrument panel between and above lighter and fan knob ***
  • Cars with overdrive are not sold in the USA **
  • Changes in the body with wider drive shaft tunnel to fit the new gearboxes (the "D-body" ****)
  • Changes in the engine crankshaft and flywheel housing for the new gearboxes
  • New, much more comfortable and adjustable (in three fixed steps) front seats *****
  • New upholstery with textile in the middle of the front seats and the rest in leatherette ******
  • Pockets on front doors
  • New anti-dazzle rear view mirror
  • New choke control and new embellisher
  • Wider backseat, which is moved back and lowered somewhat
  • Rear seat center armrest is removed (remains on the export cars to the USA)
  • Fixtures for rear shelf mat have been removed, same on B-pillar upholstery
  • Chrome ring on parking brake handle replaced with one in black plastic
  • Instrument lighting and levers with chrome ring
  • Gearbox with steering wheel lever is available as option for SEK 90
  • For cars with steering wheel gear lever, front type bench seat is available as option
  • Saxomatic clutch is available as option
  • Limited slip differential ("anti-spin") is now available as option (can be retrofitted on earlier model years)
Changes during the model year:
  • Protective plates at front wheel houses removed from ch.-no. 64711
  • New master brake cylinder from ch.-no. 64860 (on some cars from ch.-no. 64379)
  • Changed fixture of hood letters ("V O L V O") from ch.-no. 67982
  • Changed brake linesfrom ch.-no. 68460 (on some cars from ch.-no. 64379)
  • Plastic seal compound replaces gaskets behind headlight protector casings from ch.-no. 73185
  • New horns from ch.-no. 75000 (both high tone and low tone)
  • New rear wheel brakes, brake shoes and brake cylinders from ch.-no. 78485 (on some cars from ch.-no. 78056)
  • New rear hood seal moulding from ch.-no. 80650, replaces early production divided seal moulding
  • The last Amazon with M31 has ch.-no. 80258 and a total of 1,120 121 with M31 are produced during the year
  • The first Amazon with M41 has ch.-no. 80683 and a total of 199 122 S with M41 are produced during the year
  • New handles on front and rear door ventilation windows from ch.-no. 82019
  • New water pump and new fan on engine B16 A from engine number 69915 and on B16 B from engine number 22838 *******
Last model year with:
  • Chromed valve cover
  • Two-tone finish
  • The B16 engine
  • 6V electric system
  • Single tone front turnsignal glass (some markets)
  • Saxomatic clutch
  • The M31 gearbox

Early overdrive badge, 1961 - 1964





* Volvo 122 S / Volvo Amazon Sport with overdrive (B16 B + M41, 12235V/HD), for instance ch.-no. 80701, 80756, 81361 and 81362.
** This is consistent through out all model years.
*** The idea with the red warning light is to warn that the overdrive will be engaged when the third (M31) or fourth (M41) gear is engaged.
**** "D" coincides with the new model year character for 1961. Retrofitting the new gearboxes on earlier bodies is not possible (they won't fit).
***** The back of the seats is also arched to allow more leg room for rear seat passengers.
****** The export cars to the USA have upholstery entirely in leatherette. Roof interior in plastic.
******* Four bladed fan also available. This change was possibly made earlier model years - it is unclear when in time particular engine numbers were manufactured.


1962 - Volvo is by now Sweden's largest single exporter and approximately half of the total production is exported (an increase of 18 % compared to the previous year). Assembly of Volvo 122 S is started at DiVolvo's assembly plant in Arica, Chile to which some 3,000 Volvo Amazons are shipped up to 1967. Volvo produce 108,376 vehicles during the year. Read more about this in the section on production. See pictures of ch.-no. 169607 which was assembled in Chile (although of a later model year). By now, every fourth new car sold in Sweden is a Volvo. Volvo is the fourth largest imported car brand in the USA, to which the 100,000 Volvo car is shipped during the year. A Volvo Amazon is priced at SEK 12 705 this year. The two door sedan (P 130) is introduced on October 27th 1961, by many perceived as a sportier model of the Volvo Amazon. At first, the P 130 is ´ only available in black (19) * with nougat brown interior, later also in slate blue (67) and mist green (73), and it is priced SEK 500 lower than the P 120. It is initially sold only in Sweden, Denmark and Norway. At the Stockholm Motor Show in February 1962, the P 220 is introduced as the Volvo Amazon Estate, for the first time providing Volvo with a full model range within one and the same program. A Volvo Amazon Estate this year costs SEK 14,475 including sales tax. The Estate is somewhat longer behind the rear wheels compared with the sedan models and the rear is generally reconstructed to allow for a lower level of the cargo area, which implicates a different design of the fuel tank compared with the sedan models. The Estate is fitted with a split trunk lid. Volvo establishes a competition department later during the year - Volvo Competition Service - with a reluctant Gunnar Andersson as head (Andersson would much rather have continued as a full-time rally driver). On May 28th, 1962 one of Volvo's founders, Assar Gabrielsson, passes away. Gabrielsson was CEO in AB Volvo since the company was founded in 1925 and since 1956 Chairman of the Board.Gearbox with steering wheel lever (M40RV) attracts 6.5% of the customers.

  • The new and eventually legendary B18 engine is introduced with 68 hp (DIN) / 75 hp (SAE)
  • B18 badge in grille and on trunk lid
  • New fender badges; "Volvo 121" and "Volvo 122 S" **
  • New front fenders
  • Asymmetrical front lights
  • New and bigger turnsignal housing
  • Bisect front turnsignal glasses (white, yellow)
  • New front with more narrow midsection (also as spare part for earlier model years)
  • New grille with thinner edges and more narrow midsection
  • Rear ventilation windows on the P 120 no longer opens
  • P 130 comes with foldable front seats and wider back seat
  • 12V electric system (still with DC generator)
  • Wider disengagement of the clutch
  • Hanging gas pedal
  • Rubber pad moved to the left on brake and clutch pedals
  • New exhaust pipe system
  • Increased cooling capacity in radiator
  • More robust front chassis
  • Speedometer gets increased scale to 120 mph (180 kph)
  • New choke and windshield wiper knobs
  • New leatherette upholstery on doors (without textile)
  • Plastic putty in the joints replaces tin paste on parts of body
  • P 130 and P 220 not available with bench type front seat and/or gearbox with steering wheel lever ***
  • Power brakes and automatic reverse lights are available as options
Volvo 122 S:
  • Equipped with B18 D engine with 80 hp (DIN) / 90hp (SAE)
  • Front disc brakes from Girling
  • Changed rear axis ratio from 4.56:1 to 4.10:1 on sedan cars without overdrive (both 121 and 122 S) ****
  • Unchanged rear axis ratio (4.56:1) on 122 S with overdrive ****
  • P 130 in the 122 S edition available only on some markets (including USA and Canada but excluding Sweden *****)
The Estate:
  • Marketed and sold only in Scandinavia this model year
  • Different rear axis ratio of 4.55:1 ****
  • Only with B18 A engine and M40 gearbox
  • Only in mist green (73)
  • Only with upholstery in nougat colored leatherette and beige textile (504-215)
  • Fittings for two point seatbelts in rear seat
  • Front door pockets
  • Roof interior in plastic
  • No rearseat center armrest ***
  • Automatic reverse lights are standard
  • Trisect tail lights (yellow, red, white)
  • Rear view mirror on right fender (at this time Sweden had left hand traffic)
  • 221 fender badges (all later model years have 121 or 122 S fender badges)
  • Wider rims (15x4½") and tires (6,40x15")
  • White wall tires not available as option
Changes during the model year:
  • New spring mounted horn from Hella (previously Bosch)
  • New relay for directional indicator on P 120 from ch.-no. 102015, on P 130 from ch.-no. 3819 and on P 220 from ch.-no. 30 ******
  • New opening mechanism knob on P 130 rear side windows from ch.-no. 8085
Last model year with:
  • Dash pad extension on doors (the Estate also comes with this extension)
  • 221 fender badges on the Estate (P 220)
  • Bisect tail lights
  • M30 gearbox in the P 120 (12132x)





1962 P220



* All P 130 ch.-no. 1-877 has color code 19 (black) except ch.-no. 703 that has color code 73 (mist green) and ch.-no. 704 that has color code 67 (slate blue).
** Same as used on cars outside Scandinavia in previous years.
*** This is consistent through out all model years.
**** See also the section on rear axis.
***** There are ofcourse exceptions, for instance ch.-no. 8362 and 10239 (both P13234VA).
****** Some P 120 from ch.-no. 101901. Cars for the USA already have the new version.


1963 - The changes that are made this model year are focused on appearance and comfort with new upholstery and color combinations. On June 11th, 1963 Sweden's Prince Bertil officially inaugurates Volvo's assembly plant in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada housed in an old converted sugar refinery. This is Volvo's third foreign assembly plant (and the first fully owned), and the only plant Volvo has ever built in North America (it was closed in 1998). Through the establishment of the Dartmouth plant Volvo becomes the first European car manufacturer with production in North America. The Volvo 122 S produced here are intended for the domestic Canadian market where they are marketed as Volvo Canadian and Volvo Canadian Station Wagon. With production start in June only a few cars of model year 1963 are made and it is during the model year 1964 that the volumes start to grow. The Canadian built Amazons get a special "Volvo Canadian" badge to the left side on the trunk lid (see picture). The PV 544 is also assembled in Dartmouth and later also the 140-series. Read more about Volvo Canadian in the section on production. The Volvo 122 S sold in the USA are imported from Sweden. The Estate is now sold outside Sweden, on some markets also in the sports edition 122 S. Sales of the Estate in the US did possibly start already the year before, judging from the pictures of the car in this sales brochure that obviously show a 1962 Estate (California white, dash pad extension on doors, 222 fender badges - oddly without the "S"). So far 100,000 units manufactured. During the year, Volvo releases the free use of its patent on the three-point static seat belt to all car manufacturers in an effort to reach wider acceptance for the use of seat belts. This is a sales brochure for the 122 S this year and here is one for the Estate.

  • Front seat three-point seatbelts are now standard on all markets
  • Trisect tail lights (yellow, red, white) on all models *
  • Improved body on P 120 and P 130, officially to better provide for optional towing hook **
  • Inside door handles are now in one piece
  • Automatic reverse lights are now standard
  • New and more efficient rust protection on door steps
  • New instrument panel padding on all models
  • Gearbox M30 now only on P 130
The Estate:
  • Now sold also outside Sweden
  • The Estate in 122 S edition is now available in the US (P22244VB)
  • The Estate in 122 S edition is not available with overdrive (all model years)
  • The Estate in 122 S edition comes with the front bumper bar and dual fender mirrors
  • The Estate in 122 S edition comes with white wall tires (2 1/4") as standard
  • Upholstery now in leatherette on all markets
  • New door armrests
  • Available in more colors: pearl white, slate blue, mist green and graphite grey
Volvo Canadian:
  • Only in 122 S edition
  • Type designation xxx9xx (also Arica, Durban and later Ghent) ****
  • Assembled in Dartmouth, Canada of CKDs shipped from the Lundby plant ***
  • Marketed as Volvo Canadian and Volvo Canadian Station Wagon respectively
  • Volvo Canadian badge on trunk lid (see picture)
  • Smaller Volvo Canadian badges also on front fenders, from 1965 changed to 122 S badges
  • Made in Canada on plate in engine compartment
  • Rearseat center armrest (not the P 220)
  • Upholstery entirely in leatherette
  • White wall tires is standard equipment
  • Headlight dip switch is disabled (due to legal demands) *****
  • All red tail lights (red, red) *
  • English text on instruments and switches
  • Adjusted license plate retainers
  • Speedometer grading in miles per hour ******
  • Volvo Canadian does not come with the classic front bumper tube
Changes during the model year:
  • Estate passenger side fender mirror standard from ch.-no. 5925 (only Sweden)
Last model year with:
  • The airplane-like long trunk lid handle
  • Roof interior in textile
  • White instrument panel lighting
  • Wide white wall tires (2 1/4") as option
  • M30 gearbox on the 121 edition (13132x) - M30 later returns on the Volvo Amazon Favorit (13121x and 13191x)







Volvo assembly in Nova Scotia

* Bisect tail lights (red, red, white) on US and Canadian export cars to the USA and Canada from ch.-no. 112915 on P 120, 10725 on P 130 and on all P 220.
** In reality, this is a correction of a construction flaw. The rear section is reinforced at the bend above the rear axis to prevent the rear of the car from folding down upon a collision from behind. The stated towing hook effect comes with the package.
*** CKD = completely knocked down unit, packed car shipped for assembly abroad.
**** See the section on type information.
***** Same as on US market, headlight relay missing and wires taped to wiring harness.
****** Canada doesn't adopt to the metric system until 1977.


1964 - Starting on February 1st 1964, assembly of Volvo Amazon takes place also in the Belgian importer Société Belge de Materielautomobiles' (SBMA) facilities in Alsemberg outside Brussels. In an old converted textile factory some ten cars and three trucks are assembled per day. The assembly of cars is moved to Ghent in June 1965 when the new assembly plant there is finished. On April 24th, 1964 production of Volvo Amazon is moved from the Lundby factory to the brand new and custom built plant in Torslanda just outside Gothenburg (an investment which wouldn't be possible without the success of the Volvo Amazon). A Volvo Amazon is the first car produced at Torslanda. Automatic transmission is added to the program upon request from Volvo's North American sales organization, but for starters only on the four door (P 120). New colors golden yellow (84) and blue green (85) replace fawn brown (72) and mist green (73), but blue green can only be found on early cars of this model year - the paint was discontinued due to quality issues (it dried so slowly that it slowed down production). During the model year, the oil cap on the valve cap are moved forward. Late during the model year Hayes is added to the list of suppliers of the M27 rear axis (later also the newer M30), which is identical with Spicer. Volvo is by now Sweden's largest corporation with the USA as continued biggest export market where 14,175 Volvo cars were sold during the year. This is a sales brochure for the 122 S this year and this is another one.

  • New trunk handle on P 120 and P 130
  • New low profile tires on the P 120 and P 130, 6.00x15", on the same rims as before
  • The low profile tires get a thinner white stripe (3/4", option)
  • Glued brake linings on drum brakes on all models
  • Roof interior now in vinyl
  • New instrument panel lights in colored plastics
  • Instrument lighting now in green
  • New, weaker rear license plate lights on the P 220 (now 2x5W, earlier 2x10W)
  • New upholstery
  • Welded ribs on the door panel upholstery (wider)
  • Front seat frames changed (improved setting locks)
  • Bigger incline on rear seat in the Estate
  • New relay for directional indicator
  • Automatic transmission is available as option on the P 120 *
  • Cars with automatic transmission are fitted with a special Automatic badge on the trunk lid
Volvo 122 S:
  • The P 130 is now available in 122 S edition on all markets (until now only on export)
  • Overdrive option only on P 130 in 122 S edition (not on export cars to the USA), i.e. no longer on the P 120
  • The engines on the export cars to the USA are equiped with closed crankcase ventilation (emission control)
Changes during the model year:
  • Turquoise paint (85) discontinued early due to quality issues
  • Changes on backrests on the front seats for better fixation of seat settings on P 120 from ch.-no. 141306, on P 130 from ch.-no. 42265 and on P 220 from ch.-no. 8710 **
  • New version of the window elevators on P 120 from ch.-no. 142426, on P 130 from ch.-no. 44090 and on P 220 from ch.-no. 9061
  • New km-speedometer on P 120 from ch.-no. 143661, on P 130 from ch.-no. 45803 and on P 220 from ch.-no. 9330 **
  • Rear light reflectors changed on P 120 from ch.-no. 145115 and on P 130 from ch.-no. 48784
  • New miles-speedometer on P 120 from ch.-no. 146876, on P 130 from ch.-no. 52441 and on P 220 from ch.-no. 10663 ***
Last model year with:
  • Radiator blind
  • Chromed rim rings as option
  • White wall tires as option (except the export cars to the USA and Canada)
  • The front bumper bar on the export cars to the USA
  • B18 badge on the body (and in grille)









* Borg-Warner's three step automatic transmission BW35 with steering wheel lever.
** Also other smaller changes, including pre-drilled holes in the seat frame to allow for easier retrofitting of seat recliners.
*** Some P 120 from ch.-no. 142870, P 130 from ch.-no. 43625 and P 220 from ch.-no. 9269.
**** Some P 120 from ch.-no. 146269, P 130 from ch.-no. 51472 and P 220 from ch.-no. 10418.


1965 - This model year reveals a number of major changes on the Volvo Amazon in all its models. The new Volvo seat is introduced, which has been developed together with medical expertise. The successful staking on the rally scene leads to the manufacturing and introduction of special trim kits for competition use under the name Rally Sport or R-sport. Some 1,000 units get these trim kits factory installed and become so popular that Volvo sells them as parts through their resellers. The new M30 rear axis is mounted also in the Estate, randomly mixed with the Salisbury axis. Later this year Volvo brings its active involvement in rallying to a close, after a number of serious accidents. The one millionth Volvo car, a black Volvo Amazon of model year 1965, is manufactured on September 19th 1964 and this is celebrated by fitting the millionth produced gearbox from the Köping factory in it. Staff from the Köping factory visited the newly opened Torslanda plant and attended this celebration. On October 20th 1965 the last produced PV 544 leaves the Lundby factory production line (a Sport with special paint and red interior) after 440,000 produced units. It was saved and can be seen at Volvo's museum in Arendal. Volvo inaugurates its new assembly plant in Ghent, Belgium (Volvo Europe N.V., VENV) during the fall which assembles Volvo Amazon cars (the first produced car at VENV is a Volvo Amazon), by now the best selling car in Sweden. Read more on VENV in the section on production. This is a sales brochure for the 122 S this year

  • Front disc brakes is standard on all models
  • New rims with eight ventilation holes, with maintained dimension of 15x4" (15x4½" for P 220)
  • Black tires on all models without white wall (remains on some export markets)
  • New wheel caps in chromed stainless plate with black "V"
  • New horns with better penetration capability
  • New air cleaner on the B18 A (same as PV 544)
  • New fuel pump with tin lid (earlier of glass)
  • New grille with three vertical bars, and with the B18 badge replaced by a Volvo badge (the "iron" badge)
  • New front fender shield like badges on the 121 and 122 S (the latter now also on the Volvo Canadian)
  • Interior is now completely in leatherette (earlier only on the export cars to the USA and Canada)
  • Interior available in colors red, black, leather tan and blue
  • New front seats with taller back rest, lower seat cushion and with lumbar back support (adjusted with a screwdriver)
  • Foldable armrest in back seat (not on the Estate)
  • Grab handle on instrument panel
  • Heat also in the back from the defroster channel (earlier a popular accessory)
  • Rust exposed parts are galvanized
  • New, pressed rubber mats on floor and in trunk and now in black
  • Textile mat on rear shelf in P 120 and P 130
  • Panel under rear shelf in P 120 and P 130 in same material as roof interior
  • New combinations of coat hangers and curve straps
  • New interior door handles and window crank handles
  • New rear mud flaps
  • New rubber casing at foot of handbrake
  • Changed gear lever on cars with automatic transmission (both P 120 and P 130)
Options:
    Automatic transmission now available on the P 130 (earlier on the P 120)
  • Green tinted windscreen (671889-4) and windscreen with green tinted top (671890-2) (all models)
  • Headrests *
Volvo 122 S:
  • New overdrive badge
  • With some exceptions, P 120 in 122 S edition is no longer sold in Sweden
  • Front bumper bar is now an option on the export cars to the USA
The Estate:
  • New spring mechanism (gas) on the upper trunk lid
  • Power brakes (without back pressure valve) is now standard (option on the P 120 and P 130)
  • New color on textile trunk floor mat
Changes during the model year:
  • New and more direct tubing of the brake line for right (LHD) / left (RHD) front wheel on P 120 from ch.-no. 182029, on P 130 from ch.-no. 116500 and on P 220 from ch.-no. 24373 **
  • New heater unit and new occupant area fan on cars with heater on P 120 from ch.-no. 184445, on P 130 from ch.-no. 124636 and on P 220 from ch.-no. 25730 ***
  • New ashtrays in rear doors on P 120 from ch.-no. 187147 and on P 220 from ch.-no. 26797
  • New starter motor on P 120 from ch.-no. 178695, P 130 from ch.-no. 113765 and P 220 from ch.-no. 23384 ****
  • New, longer and thicker fixing mechanism for seat belts between front seats *****
The trim kits contained the following parts:
  • Leveled cylinder head with reduced combustion chamber (compression 11.1:1)
  • Bigger inlet valves (1.65 " compared to the previous 1.57 ")
  • Bigger valve springs
  • Bigger washers for the valve springs
  • Cylinder head gasket
  • More powerful camshaft
  • Lighter flywheel (17.6 lbs instead of 25.4 lbs)
  • More powerful ignition coil
  • Different needles for the SU-carburetors
  • Special manifold
  • More powerful springs for the clutch
  • Oil cooler

Late overdrive badge, 1965 - 1967

Interior

Disc brakes

Volvo Amazon R-sport

The new Volvo Seat

These modifications would give the car an output of approximately 124 hp (DIN) / 135 hp (SAE). Later editions of the Volvo trim kits would allow outputs up to 180 hp (SAE). These included specially made cylinder heads, valve sizes of up to 1.81 " and revolutions of up to 8,500 rpm.

* Front seats with pre-installed guide sleeves for the headrests on some markets, including USA.
** Also P 130 ch.-no. 115744 plus some P 120 from ch.-no. 181638 as well as some P 220 from ch.-no. 24250.
*** New fan on P 120 without heater from ch.-no. 185345. Some P 130 from ch.-no. 120019. Bulged cover in front of fan disappears at stated ch.-nos.
**** Bosch 0 001 311 001. Some P 130 from ch.-no. 111079 and P 220 from ch.-no. 23181.
***** P 120 ch.-no. 183249-. P 130 ch.-no. 121731, 121765-121777, 122943-123089, 123320-. P 220 ch.-no. 25311-.


1966 - The Volvo Amazon Favorit is introduced on some markets this year as a more economic alternative to the standard edition and also to compensate for the discontinuation of the PV 544. A Volvo Amazon Favorit is priced at SEK 1,500 less than a Volvo Amazon. Until now, the Volvo 121 has been considered the standard edition - something which is now taken over by Volvo Amazon Favorit while Volvo 121 is considered to be the special edition. Volvo Amazon Favorit has no special badges on the body, on the contrary it ships with "121" badges on the front fenders just like special edition. The Volvo Amazon Favorit is sold on several markets (but not all) and is also assembled at VENV in Belgium. In Denmark it is marketed as the Volvo Amazon Quick. A sales brochure * from Volvo states that all two door Amazons with the B18 D engine are fitted with overdrive transmission as standard this year and that automatic transmission is an option only on cars with the B18 A engine. This concerns the domestic Swedish market. A record number of 119,000 units are manufactured this year and consequently the most common Volvo Amazon is a pearl white two door sedan of model year 1966 with red upholstery. Production in Dartmouth, Canada has now reached 3,700 cars annually. Four-way emergency flasher unit becomes mandatory equipment on the Nort American market (both USA and Canada) sometime during this or the previous year and Volvo's resellers therefore equip all Volvo cars sold there with this function. See pictures of for instance ch.-no. 173269 to get an idea of what this could look like on the instrument panel. Door mirrors, limited slip differential and headrests are also common reseller additions on these two markets. Here's a 1966 122 S review from Volvo.

  • Higher compression in the B18 A from 8.5:1 to 8.7:1 through thinner cylinder top gasket (same as B18 B) **
  • Washer nozzle, still chromed but now only one, moved to hood
  • Back pressure valve on rear brakes to avoid the rear wheels locking
  • Permanently greased universal and front chassis joints
  • Ashtray now have plastic runners, to eliminate rattle
  • New and mechanically fastened hood gaskets (front and rear)
  • New and shorter jack
Volvo 122 S:
  • The P 220 is now available in 122 S edition on all markets (until now only in North America)
  • The P 120 is again available in 122 S edition in Sweden, but not with overdrive
  • Increased output of about five horsepowers to 95 hp SAE in the B18 D through new B-camshaft and higher compression (thinner cylinder top gasket) ****
  • Changed carburetor armament to match the engine output changes
  • Thicker air filter to the SU HS 6 carburetors *****
  • Delivered with radial tires in dimensions 165S15 (6.40S15 on the Estate)
Volvo Amazon Favorit:
  • Only with two-door body (P 130)
  • Engine B18 A
  • Only with three gear manual transmission (M30)
  • No gear layout on gearshift lever top
  • No cigarette lighter
  • No passenger side sunvisor
  • No front door pressings, chrome lists or pockets
  • No chrome lists on windows
  • No chrome on drip rails
  • Only one horn
  • Rear windows do not open
  • Rear shelf in cardboard
  • Limited tool set with green cover (others in black)
  • Limited color selection: initially only black (19) but later also pearl white (79)
  • Only with red upholstery
  • Does however have rear seat center armrest (the opposite is often stated)
  • Type designation 13121V/HF (Torslanda), 13191VF (Ghent)
The Estate:
  • Dual rearview door mirrors of new type (Sweden only)
  • Glued brake linings with better wear tolerance for rear brakes
  • Glued rails
Changes during the model year:
  • Tudor becomes sole battery supplier for the Volvo Amazon starting with P 120 ch.-no. 218496 and P 220 ch.-no. 30832 ***







* RK 1716-2, page 7.
** Of course, this also led to an increased output but Volvo didn't bother to mention this.
*** Does not apply to foreign assembly. Earlier also Boliden, Noack and SAAJ. P 130 from ch.-no. 216950, i.e. model year 1967.
**** Top speed in the 122 S increased with about 3 mph.
***** 122 S air filters now also with three bolts compared with previous two.


1967 - During the year Volvo produce 145,447 passenger cars, 11,041 trucks and 863 buses on top of tractors, farming vehicles, marine and industrial engines, shop machines, printing presses and jet engines. Now, after the discontinuation of the PV 544 and with the introduction of the 140-series, the Amazon constitutes 62% of the total produced passenger cars but production of the P 120 comes to an end in December 1966 and the four door sedan only exists as half model year 1967. The last unit to roll off the assembly line at Torslanda does so with ch.-no. 233747. The last units are delivered in parts to the assembly plants abroad. The assembly plant in Canada is relocated a few miles from Dartmouth to a new and larger facility in Halifax, still in Nova Scotia. The Halifax plant has a capacity of just over 8,000 car per year. Volvo starts manufacturing the M30 rear axis, that now has three suppliers: in addition to Volvo also Spicer and Hayes. As a direct result of Volvo's racing successes, the 123 GT is introduced this year as a top of the line model with a vast number of extra features. A new 123 GT is priced at SEK 18,800 including taxes. The engine is a B18 B with C-camshaft, higher compression and different armament of the carburetors compared with the B18 D on the 122 S and has a stated output of 96 hp (DIN) / 115 hp (SAE) which is lower than on the P 1800. Besides the engine, previously available only on the P 1800, the 123 GT is equipped with the M41 gearbox with overdrive. Essentially being a 122 S with P 1800 mechanics, the story is that persistent delays in manufacturing P 1800 bodies in the UK caused a backlog of B18 B engines and M41 transmissions and so Volvo used up the excess by producing the 123 GT. Officially, Volvo states that the 123 GT is designed for those not able to fit their family in a P 1800. The 123 GT is not sold in the USA *, but several cars are privately imported and it is also available for American customers via Volvo's European Delivery Program. The 123 GT is assembled also at the Halifax plant in Canada (type designation 133951, for instance ch.-no. 258557). The Volvo Canadian GTs typically came without the auxiliary lights, had only one fender mirror but came with limited slip differential and four-way emergency flasher unit **. These Volvo Canadian GT were also available in other colors, including light green (91), light blue (95) and dark blue (96) and are often seen with S-codes 5145 and 5324. The 123 GT is assembled also at the Ghent plant in Belgium (VENV, type designation 133951M, for instance ch.-no. 235563) and is often seen with S-codes 5118 and 5297. Several improvements and safety innovations developed for the 140-series, such as dual circuit brake system and collapsible steering wheel pole, are introduced late in the model year on the Volvo Amazon in its export edition to the USA. A number of cars in 122 S edition are delivered with the B18 B engine, including export cars to the USA (133441M, 223441M), cars for assembly in South Africa (123942M), and cars to the Swedish police (133441MP, 223341MP). A number of cars, both P 120 and P 130, in 122 S edition with B18 D engine are delivered with overdrive this model year (12235xM, 13235xM) despite overdrive officially being exclusive to the 123 GT. Volvo Amazon remains Sweden's most sold car with 19,252 units this year.

  • New layout of the type designation plate; S-code added and chassis number removed
  • Type designation and chassis number on torpedo wall
  • "V" and "H" in the type designation are replaced with "1" and "2" to indicate LHD or RHD
  • New grille with double bars
  • Chromed air intake below the windshield
  • New seatbelts (changed fittings, locking mechanism, adjustment and hangers)
  • Attachement for static three-point seatbelts in the backseat
  • Nose letters ("V O L V O") now in silver
  • New Zenith-Stromberg carburetor (175 CD) on B18 A
  • Engine improvements through new carburetors, new airfilter, manifold (with twin outlets) and front part of exhaust pipe
  • Engine output in the B18 A is increased to 75 hp (DIN) / 85 hp (SAE) as a result of this
  • All engines type B18 D and those type B18 A with automatic transmission (12136x and 13136x) are fitted with positive crankcase ventilation (emission control)
  • Bracket for alternator in engine block (only used for 123 GT)
  • Thicker material in the exhaust pipe (0.06 " compared to 0.05 " earlier) provides longer durability
  • Closed cooling system with expansion tank (new radiator)
  • Clutch of fan type (requires lower pedal pressure)
  • Improved rear axis suspension on sedan models
  • Sedan models delivered with radial tires (165S15) as standard
  • Speedometer and road trip meter are adapted for these tires
  • Reinforcement consol between engine and clutch case
  • Changed tail light (painted wall between turn signal light and brake light)
  • Locking mechanism on ventilation windows now theft protected
  • New vertical courtesy handle for rear seat, with coat hook
  • Bigger container for wiper fluid
  • Reflective badge on doors, red "iron" badge shape
  • Borg-Warner's automatic transmission BW35 now available as option also on the P 220
  • Static two- and three-point seatbelts for the backseat are available as accessories
Volvo 122 S:
  • Engine improvements through new carburetors, new airfilter, manifold (with twin outlets) and front part of exhaust pipe
  • Engine output in the B18 D is increased to 90 hp (DIN) / 100 hp (SAE) as a result of this
  • Overdrive officially no longer available as option (exclusively for the 123 GT)
  • Engine B18 B on a number of 122 S to the USA, South Africa and the Swedish police
  • The Estate in 122 S edition gets 6.40S15, others 6.40-15
  • All 122 S in export edition are fitted with emission control
  • Vacuum type power brakes are now standard
Late in the model year on export cars to the USA (Volvo 122 S) the following are added:
(See also pictures of ch.-no. 273106 that show some of these)
  • Dual circuit brake system ***
  • Warning light on instrument panel for parking brake and brake failure ***
  • Collapsible steering wheel pole ****
  • Windscreen of "high impact" type *****
Volvo 123 GT:
  • Only with two-door body (P 130)
  • B18 B engine without oil cooler with output of 96 hp (DIN) / 115 hp (SAE) (less than P 1800)
  • M41 gearbox with Laycock de Normanville overdrive unit type D
  • Power brakes (same as 122 S)
  • New GT steering wheel with Volvo GT badge
  • Dash pad compartment
  • Smith tachometer with chrome ring, red needle and 10x100 scale
  • Chromed, fully reclining Recaro front seat fittings
  • Three 123 GT badges on body
  • Two Hella 162mm auxiliary lights (driving light and fog light) + with covers (white with blue "Volvo" text)
  • Round fender mirrors ++
  • Fully covering chromed wheel sides
  • Chromed exhaust pipe extension
  • New wiper arms and blades of more robust type
  • Lights in engine compartment and in trunk (with protective grating available as accessory)
  • S.E.V./Motorola 35 A alternator, first with fully transistorized but later with mechanical charging control +++
  • Alternator warning sticker on inside of hood
  • Extra wiring console in engine compartment
  • Pirelli Cinturato P3 ++++ belt tires in dimension 165SR15 on 4" rims (never 4½")
  • Sportier suspension (same as P 1800)
  • More powerful bushing to rear axis
  • More powerful horns (Bosch)
  • Separate amendment to the instruction book
  • Officially only in colors cherry red (46), pearl white (79) and dark green (94)
  • A relatively large number of cars are delivered in steel blue metallic (53-102) +++++
  • A few cars are delivered with turquoise metallic paint (53-91) +++++
  • Dark blue (96) is relatively common on export cars
  • Colors light green (91) and light blue (95) occur but are probably very rare (ch.-no. 250024 and 250112 respectively, both Volvo Canadian GT)
  • Type designation 133351/2M (Torslanda), 133951M (Ghent, Halifax)
Volvo Amazon Favorit:
  • Now available also in dark blue (96) with red interior
Changes during the model year:
  • New Zenith-Stromberg carburetor (175 CD-2S) on B18 A
Last model year with:
  • Four door sedan model, P 120
  • Bench type frontseat
  • The B18 D engine
  • Assembly of the Volvo 122 S in Chile
  • Assembly of the 123 GT in Canada and Belgium



Volvo 123 GT exterior





Volvo 123 GT interior

Volvo 123 GT engine bay



Volvo Canadian GT

* Volvo Service Hints, Volvo Inc., 1968 page 16.
** Four-way emergency flasher unit on left kick panel, above hood opener.
*** Circuits are divided between front and rear axles. P 130 ch.-no. 258799, 262115- and P 220 ch.-no. 56029, 56680-. Also Volvo Canadian.
**** P 130 ch.-no. 258799, 262715- and P 220 ch.-no. 50629, 56680-. Also Volvo Canadian.
***** P 130 ch.-no. 258799, 262715- and P 220 ch.-no. 56029, 56880-. Also Volvo Canadian.
+ With separate switches under the instrument panel opposite side of glove compartment light. Driving light only in combination with head lights. Two fog lights on some markets.
++ Talbot Racing mirrors on some markets and only one fender mirror on some markets.
+++ Fully transistorized charging control (419444) up to and including ch.-no. 257499, mechanical charging control from ch.-no. 257500. Both from S.E.V./Motorola.
++++ Goodyear on some markets, including 133951. Also Michelin.
+++++ See the section on color codes.


1968 - Safety continues to dominate the changes between the model years, this year with collapsible steering wheel pole, non-reflecting windshield frames and power brakes. Several details in the interior are changed for increased occupant safety, especially on cars for the North American markets: knobs and fittings get a rounder design, knee and foot protective mouldings are added, parts are made non-reflecting, etc. This is to a large extent driven by legal demands in the USA. The same or very similar legal requirements are later imposed also on several other markets. This is the last model year sold to customers in the United States - from now on, all marketing efforts there are focused on the new 140-series and the more luxurious Volvo 164. A 122 S is priced at USD 2,775 and an Estate at USD 3,075, an increase of USD 95 from the previous model year to compensate for the additional safety features. Read what Volvo writes when introducing the 1968 model year. On July 4th one of Volvo's founders, Gustaf Larson passes away. He held the position as chief engineer and deputy CEO until 1952 when he took a seat in the board of directors, a position he held until his retirement in 1958. On September 3rd 1967, Sweden shifts to driving on the right side of the road and in connection with this, speed limits are introduced also outside cities. The introduction of the 1968 model year in Sweden is therefore postponed and Volvo Amazon is for the first time introduced in foreign countries before Sweden. The Volvo Amazon Favorit - that never became a favorite among the customers (except in Norway) - is discontinued after this model year.

  • New windshield washer nozzle in plastic
  • Knob to the adjustable sway-back support
  • Automatic transmission (BW35) available on all markets
  • New shock absorbing steering wheel and collapsible steering wheel pole for better driver safety
  • New choke lever
  • New heat levers, first flat later rifled *
  • New rear casing for heater and fresh air unit
  • New heater unit on cars with heater
  • Power brakes on all models
  • Non-reflecting windshield frames and wipers
  • New interior rear view mirror that folds better during a collision
  • New sun visors with more padding
  • New door locks of security type
  • Gear shift layout on instrument panel on the P 130
  • Four-way emergency flasher is sold as accessory
Volvo 122 S:
  • Engine B18 B on all markets
  • Overdrive not available as option
The export cars to the USA and Canada also get the following features:
(See also ch.-no. 297036 for pictures of some of these features)
  • B18 B engine fitted with emission control +
  • Different rear view mirror
  • New, rounded knob for ashtray
  • Other, round and rubber like switches on instrument panel - knobs will fold on impact
  • Door inside opening mechanism is made of non-reflecting (black) plastic
  • Other, non-obstructive opening mechanism on ventilation windows (also made non-reflective) ++
  • Spring loaded rear view mirror on driver side door
  • New and rounder window crank handles (same as 140-series and P 1800) without Volvo logo
  • Changed locking mechanism on the P 130 rear windows (same as later introduced on Swedish market) +++
  • Knee protection pad is fitted under the instrument panel ("underdash")
  • Four side reflectors on the fenders (yellow in front and red in the rear)
  • Dash-mounted four-way emergency flasher unit (located above fan knob)
  • All amber front turnsignal glass (also on Volvo Canadian)
  • Early editions are fitted with a protective moulding for the feet on the lower rear end of the front seats ++++
  • Front seat headrests are standard (with S-code 5371-5374 depending on upholstery)
  • Static two-point seatbelts in rear seat are standard (lap belts)
  • Air conditioning is a factory installed option +++++
Volvo 123 GT:
  • Keeps the GT steering wheel
  • Knob to the adjustable sway-back support also on the Recaro fittings
  • Smith tachometer gets pale silver ring (non-reflecting), white needle and 1x1000 scale **
  • Slightly bigger Hella auxiliary lights, now 164mm, with unchanged light spread
  • Dark blue (96) now available also in Sweden
  • Now produced only in Sweden
Volvo Amazon Favorit:
  • Now available also as red (46) and light blue (95) with black upholstery (428-584) on some markets (Norway and Denmark)
Changes during the model year:
  • New and rounder window crank handles without Volvo logo *** on P 130 from ch.-no. 295233 and on P 220 from ch.-no. 69299
  • The belt that holds the spare tire is replaced with a tensioner strap from ch.-no. 299476
Last model year with:
  • Volvo Amazon Favorit
  • DC generator
  • The B18 engine
  • BW35 automatic transmission
  • Steering wheel lever gearbox M40RV
  • Ignition key in instrument panel
  • Nose chrome list
  • Chromed handle on the parking brake
  • Chromed side drip rail mouldings
  • Textile mat on rear shelf in P 130
  • Gasket between headlight rim and retainer
  • Panel under rear shelf in P 130 in same material as roof interior
  • Two horns
  • Rearseat center armrest
  • Extra wiring console in 123 GT engine compartment
  • Volvo badge (the "iron" badge) in grille
  • Assembly of the Volvo Amazon in Canada



Power brakes

Knobs for adjustable sway-back support

Collapsible steering wheel pole

1968 P130 interior (export edition)

* No change in part numbers.
** Early cars have the early type tach. Later type is same as was also sold as accessory.
*** Same as 140-series and P 1800.
+ Closed crank case ventilation: preheating of the air/fuel mixture through a special intake (very simple but compliant with the laws of the time).
++ Very prone to break and (therefore) today a hard-to-come-by item.
+++ From ch.-no. 282208.
++++ P 130 ch.-no. 279900-281807, P 220 ch.-no. 61800-63012.
+++++ FrigiKing 500, known as Volvo F-500 when factory installed.


1969 - Product development of the 120-series has come to an end and the model year is characterized by several simplifications, of which many are derived from the now discontinued Volvo Amazon Favorit. This is the last model year with the Estate, which is now being replaced by Volvo 145 and Volvo 145 Express. The last Estate manufactured, a dark blue with ch.-no. 73220, was saved and can be seen at the Volvo Museum in Arendal. An early design proposal (see picture below) of removing the front overriders is revoked. The model year is introduced with rear side windows on the P 130 that cannot be opened (also a feature inherited from the Favorit), but this is soon changed by popular demand and the cars are first fitted with the same locking mechanism as on previous model years and later with a locking mechanism similar to that of the 140-series. The new B20 engine is introduced also in the Volvo Amazon: B20 A in the 121 with 82 hp (DIN) / 90 hp (SAE) and the sport engine B20 B with 100 hp (DIN) / 118 hp (SAE) in the 122 S and the 123 GT. The new engine is of course based on the B18, and comes with a more powerful engine block compared to its predecessor. The same cylinder block is used in both the A and B versions and the difference in compression (8.7 and 9.5 respectively) is accomplished by having different thickness on the gaskets. Sales of the 122 S in the USA has more or less ceased but there are a few examples of P133441S, for instance ch.-no. 335783. They come with headrests (S-code 5558, 5559 or 5560 depending on upholstery), just as in model year 1968, and has static two-point rear seatbelts as standard. The cars in North America keep many of the market unique details, including the knee protection pad and the rubber knobs, while some of the safety parts introduced with the previous model year disappear (for instance the plastic door openers and the opener of the ventilation windows). The 123 GT is now available on only a few markets and the few cars exported in GT edition (for instance ch.-no. 325784) are done so with S-code 5314 and type designation P13335xS. Most of the extra GT equipment is now sold separately as accessories by Volvo (see for instance the 1969 accessories catalogue). There are trim kits made by Volvo Competition Service also for the B20. The carburetors are now called Zenith-Stromberg 175 CD-2 (B20 A) and SU HS 6 (B20 B); on some markets (North America) the B20 B is fitted with dual Zenith-Stromberg 175 CD-2 (just as the P 1800).

  • B20 badge in left grille
  • Rear view mirrors on both front doors (both P 130 and P 220) on most markets (S-code 5577)
  • Rear view door mirrors are in blue tinted glass, the passenger side one with convex glass
  • New windshield of "high impact" type
  • Steering wheel column lock is standard
  • Steel radiator on some cars within the Nordic market (S-code 5370)
  • Four-way emergency flasher unit standard on some markets (not Sweden), with kept placement above fan knob
  • The window crank handles get a new, rounder shape (same as P 1800 and 140-series) with Volvo logo
  • Improved ignition with new type of interference suppression, better distributor cap and seals on cap and spark plugs
  • 35A alternator, first S.E.V./Motorola (same as 123 GT) and later Bosch (same as 140-series) *
  • Mechanical charging control from S.E.V./Motorola (same as 123 GT)
  • Closed crank case ventilation (emission control) on both the A and B engines
  • New airfilters, both for B20 A and B20 B (soundproofing on LHD cars with B20 B)
  • Thermostat controlled preheating of the airflow to the carburetor on some markets (incl. Sweden) **
  • Increased pressure in cooling system from 4.27 PSI to 9.96 PSI, with reinforced radiator and hoses
  • Dual triangular circuit brake system (developed for the 140-series), as opposed to the front/rear axis circuit brake system on earlier export cars
  • Direct acting power brakes (same as 140-series)
  • Rear drum brakes fitted with self-adjustment affected by parking brake
  • Dual brake valves with breakingpoint 484 PSI on the P 130 and 711 PSI on the P 220
  • Warning light on instrument panel for parking brake and brake failure
  • New upholsteries without seat weld marks (417B, 425B, 430, 431, 432), without door pockets and without rearseat center armrest on P 130
  • New upholsteries without seat weld marks (522, 523, 524) but still with door pockets and without rearseat center armrest on P 220
  • Front seat headrests standard on some markets (with S-code 5558-5560 depending on upholstery)
  • Mechanical clutch control (wire, replaces earlier hydraulics) and new clutch of same type as 140-series
  • Fan clutch on some models with B20 B (S-code 5396) ***
  • Slightly reduced ratio on the thirs gear (M40 and M41)
  • Parking brake wire with more powerful return spring (7.5 " unloaded, previously 6.7 ")
  • Overdrive still only available on the 123 GT
  • The Estate and cars with overdrive get a different rear axis ratio (4.3:1)
  • Green tinted windscreen (671889-4) and windscreen with green tinted top (671890-2) available as option on P 130
  • Heated rear view window available as option ****
  • Three-point inertia reel front seat belts are available as option
Simplifications (most are heritage from the now discontinued Volvo Amazon Favorit):
  • No textile mat on rear shelf in P 130
  • Rear shelf now in cardboard
  • Side drip rail mouldings no longer in chrome
  • Rearseat center armrest disappears
  • No front door pockets on the P 130
  • No weld marks on front or rear seats
  • Volvo "iron" badge in grille disappears
  • Only one horn
  • No gasket between headlight rim and retainer
  • Chrome list on the nose disappears
  • Chromed handle on the parking brake disappears
Volvo 122 S:
  • Engine B20 B
  • Overdrive not available as option
Volvo 123 GT:
  • Engine B20 B
  • M41 now with Laycock de Normanville overdrive unit of type J
  • Different rear axis ratio (4.3:1)
  • Both extra lights are fog lights
  • Only one fender mirror
  • No extra wiring console in engine compartment *****
  • Relatively few units produced, of which most are bound for Switzerland
Changes during the model year:
  • Centrable bushing on carburetor SU HS 6 up to and including ch.-no. 316356
  • B20 badge in left grille moved slightly upwards on the P 130 from ch.-no. 328000, still in left grille
  • Changed locking mechanism on the P 130 rear windows from ch.-no. 329468
  • Different tie and steering rods on P 130 ch.-no. 333366-334165 and P 220 72511-72590
  • Improved attachement of door mirrors to avoid vibrations on P 130 from ch.-no. 334875 and on P 220 from ch.-no. 72685
  • Changed throttle linkage on P 130 from ch.-no. 335493 (also 334937-335101) and on P 220 from ch.-no. 72742
  • Changed hang hook for front seatbelts on P 130 from ch.-no. 335569 (also 334937-335101) and on P 220 from ch.-no. 72751
Last model year with:
  • The Estate (P 220), which no longer is availabe in 122 S edition ******
  • Assembly of the Volvo Amazon in Belgium

1969 P130 exterior



1969 P130 interior

Steering wheel column lock

B20 B with fan clutch

* S.E.V./Motorola (419420) on B20 A with engine number -24610 (LHD), -420 (RHD) and B20 B -2928 (LHD), -2122 (RHD) and S-5396 -885.
Bosch (241527) on B20 A with engine number 24611- (LHD), 421- (RHD) and B20 B 2929- (LHD), 2123- (RHD) and S-5396 886-.
No alternator warning sticker on inside of hood.
** On the B engines the same kind of simple emission control as fitted on the export cars to the USA in 1968, on the A engines also changed carburettor (with sealed settings).
*** Fan speed is limited to 2 600 rpms using a clutch. This is standard on the 140-series cars with B20 B but option (S-code 5396) on the 120- and 1800-series cars.
**** Not factory installed. Location of switch therefore varies. P 130: 673712 clear and 673713 green tinted. P 220: 661983 clear and 661984 green tinted.
***** No relays for horn or overdrive, only one relay for auxiliary lights (both are fog lights).
****** A number of P 220 are delivered with the B20 B, including ch.-no. 71225, 71226, 71231 and 71232. Also delivered as P223341SP, i.e. Police edition (for instance ch.-no. 73180 and 73181).


1970 - Not since the B16 cars have there been fewer differences between two model years. The model year starts with ch.-no. 340000 followed by 340001, a dark green 123 GT with right hand drive (which is also the only known GT of this model year). The last Amazon, a dark blue P 130 with ch.-no. 359726, rolls off the production line at the Torslanda plant in Gothenburg on Friday July 3rd, 1970. It was saved and can be seen at the Volvo Museum in Arendal. By then, the multi-talented car had given safe and reliable service to thousands of families all over the world, to numerous police forces plus winning the Acropolis Rally, among many other things. Thousands of Amazons around the world still bear witness of a true survivor, being well looked after collectors cars or mellowed "million-milers" in daily use. When production is resumed after the industrial vacations in 1970, all Amazon production assets are relocated to the 140-series. The Volvo Amazon is no longer assembled in Halifax or Ghent - all production assets at these plants have already been relocated to the 140-series. The very last Volvo Amazon cars are shipped in parts to the assembly plant in South Africa later in the fall of 1970, where production continues until December 18th, 1970. According to Volvo's own definition of model year, these last cars were of model year 1971. John Sully, CEO of Motor Assemblies in Durban, hands over the keys to the last produced Volvo Amazon in South Africa (and the last Volvo Amazon produced ever) to the buyer Dion Lardner-Burke on December 18th, 1970. It has chassis number 359918.

  • Front seat headrests are standard on all markets (due to legal demands)
  • Three-point static rear seatbelts are standard in Sweden on cars manufactured after December 31st, 1969 (due to legal demands)
  • Zenith-Stromberg carburetors now 175 CD-2SE
  • New alternator charging control from Bosch (earlier S.E.V./Motorola)
  • New upholsteries with rougher pressings (433, 434, 435)
  • New air filter with oval hole placed on side, opposite air inlet
  • New shutter housing and air intake on cars with preheated airflow (some markets)
  • New steering wheel column lock and ignition switch
  • Only colors black (19), cherry red (46), california white (42), dark green (94), dark blue (96) and blue (99) available, plus the police edition (60)
The cars to South Africa:
(Also refer to pictures of ch.-no. 355818)
  • Only in 122 S edtition *
  • Only right hand drive
  • Built by Motor Assemblies LTD, Durban South Africa on torpedo wall plate in engine room
  • Except for the type designation 133942, blank type designation plates **
  • Different and previously not used colors, including a yellow and a darker shade of brown
  • Different power brake unit, same as P 1800
  • Grey interior rubber mats (same as disappeared in 1965 on other markets)
  • Black mats with Volvo "V"on floor (grey on other markets)
  • Older (up to 1964 on other markets) type of window cranks, which are fully chromed (incl. knob)
  • Different pressings on the upholstery and different color than on other markets **
  • Front door pockets
  • Different front seat recliners
  • Different pressing on trunk rubber floor mat (but with Volvo part number on it)
  • Hub caps similar to, but not same as (won't interchange), 140-series
Changes during the model year:
  • New windshield washer pump from ch.-no. 343864

1970 P130 exteriör

1970 P130 interiör

* Carburetor SU HS 6.
** The cars to South Africa were likely shipped unpainted and had some parts, such as upholstery, delivered from local suppliers.



Volvo Amazon
Volvo Amazon Picture Gallery  is an independent website with photos, chassis number database, handbooks, manuals, and other documentation related to Volvo Amazon. Please send us an e-mail if you want to add pictures to the gallery and database or if you have documents that you want to share with the rest of us. There is no fee or club affiliation required to register a car in the gallery. We welcome Volvo Amazons in any shape and condition!


We run and maintain this web site in our spare time and solely based on our genuine interest of the Volvo Amazon. If you appreciate our work, please consider a donation using the button to the right.


Karl Eric Mlberg and Fredrik Lofter