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Volvo Amazon Original Paint

The color code identifies the original paint color of the body from factory and can be found on the type designation plate in the engine bay. The color codes on this page represent the normal and official colors found on Volvo Amazon between 1957 and 1970 in Sweden. The same color codes were used on several Volvo models, for instance dark blue (96) which was used both on the Amazon and on the 140-series. They are of course exactly the same color. Test paints that were tested on the Volvo Amazon later became production paints on the P 1800 and the 164.

Sections: Single tone and two tone Metallic Paint codes Shades Colors per model year Touch-up paint Test paint




Single-tone and two-tone

From being available in a two-tone finish the first years, the Volvo Amazon became available in single tone finish only in the early 1960s, except the Police edition. The first single tone cars were option already from the start in 1956, started to become more common in 1961 and became standard in 1962. The two prototypes X1 and X2 (read more about them in the section on history) were two toned and a vast majority of all Amazons produced up until 1961 were two toned. In the beginning the Amazon was available as Black with greybeige top (paint code 49), as Greybeige with black top (paint code 50), as Cherry red with greybeige top (paint code 51) and later, from ch.-no. 1933, as Midnight blue with grey beige top (paint code 54).

The prototypes and the around ten first production cars have the door arches painted in the same color as the top, a feature that thereafter was discontinued (probably due to cost reasons).

Single toned cars prior to 1961 are uncommon, but Volvo explicitly write in sales brochures already in 1956 that single tone cars are available as option (for instance RK 6112 page 2). Among these, Black (19) and Olive green (56) are predominant while red (46) and california white (42) are added in 1959. Volvo also delivered single tone blue cars (31) each year to the Royal Danish Court starting in 1958. But fact was that most customers wanted their Amazon two toned and it is easy to see why - it is undeniably one of the real characteristics of the car.

Wilsgaard is testing

In the mid 1950s two-tone cars were the hype and that this feature was in the plan for Volvo Amazon already from the beginning is confirmed by the fact that the first protoypes X1 and X2 were painted in two-tone. But what color combinations should the Amazon get? Since before it has been known that Volvo experimented a lot with colors during early production and, as it turns out, Jan Wilsgaard decided early on to evaluate suitable two-tone color combinations on the first 20 or so series produced cars and also fit these with different upholsteries to be able to later decide what color combinations and what upholsteries to use in the continued production of the Volvo Amazon.

Part of the production cards for ch.-no. 1-5.

In the winter of 2021 documents were recovered from Volvo's Historical Archive signed by Jan Wilsgaard on June 25th, 1956 listing these test paints. Wilsgaard simply selected five different colors and numbered them 1 through 5. 1 was white, 2 was grey, 3 was blue, 4 was red and 5 was black. He then tested combinations of these colors for two-tone paints of the new Amazon model, where the first digit in the combination stated the color of the top and the second digit of the combination stated the color of the car's body other than the top (Wilsgaard refered to this as the side of the car). Mathematically this yields 25 combinations of which five will be single tone cars (11, 22, 33, 44 and 55).

Ch.-no.
WPC
Color combination
Comment
1 12 Grey with white top
2 42 Grey with red top
3 41 White with red top
4 21 White with grey top
5 23 Blue with grey top Later production color code 54 *
6 51 White with black top
7 14 Red with white top Also ch.-no. 21-25
8 13 Blue with white top
9 52 Grey with black top Later production color code 50 *
10 25 Black with grey top Later production color code 49 *
11 31 White with blue top
12 24 Red with grey top Later production color code 51 *
13 32 Grey with blue top
14 55 Single-tone black Later production color code 19 *
15 33 Single-tone blue Later production color code 31 *
16 22 Single-tone grey Later production color code 65 *
17 11 Single-tone white Later production color code 42 *
18 44 Single-tone red Later production color code 46 *
19 54 Red with black top
20 45 Black with red top
21-25 14 Red with white top

Wilsgaard rejected some apparently strange combinations and as can be seen from above chart, combinations of red and blue or black and blue were not tested at all. No car was painted in the combination 15 (black with white top) either.

* Differences in nuance can occur.

The blue test paint is to be replaced by "a slightly lighter shade of blue" by the turn of the year 1956/1957, according to Wilsgaard's PM, but if that ever happened is unknown. The same PM lists the Volvo partnumbers of each of these five test paints.

Some of these test paint combination, we can call them Wilsgaard Paint Codes (WPC), happens to coincide with Volvo's regular paint codes both before the Amazon series as well as on the Amazon series but later in the production. Examples include 21 (maroon red metallic), 25 (beige), 42 (California white) and 54 (midnight blue with greybeige top). This has been confusing and made it difficult to interpret color codes of early series produced Amazons. California white (42) was both common and popular on the PV 444 at the time of the launch of the Amazon.

The first picture in the section on colors will be one in black-and-white, probably taken in the fall of 1956 and with a model suggesting it was taken for marketing purposes. The car in the picture is most likely chassis number 2: grey with red top.

Chassis number 10 was also used by Volvo for marketing. The car was registered with license plate number O45930 on the 3rd of April, 1957 with AB Volvo listed as owner and was used shortly thereafter for testing purposes in the magazine Motor #14 1957.

But it's not only during early production that Volvo tested new colors and color combinations on the Amazon. This was done also later, and Volvo tested both new shades of existing combinations (two good examples found in the delivery books are ch.-no. 30131 whis is delivered as "blue/lemon grey" and ch.-no. 30132 as "blue/oyster white") as well as completely new colors. The latter happens a lot more frequent in the periods before Volvo introduce other, new models. In 1961 Volvo introduce the P 1800 and around the same time the Amazon went from two toned to single toned. During this period Volvo explored a lot of new colors on the Amazon. We can also see an increased use of new colors on the Amazon before the launch of the 140-series that didn't always make it as production colors on the Amazon but did so on other Volvo models, such as steel blue metallic (102). The purpose seem not to have been to create rare and exciting Amazons but instead to try out new colors for both the Amazon series as well as for other models.

The colors in the two-toned cars are synonyms of eachother, meaning that the black color in 49 and 50 respectively is paint code 19. In the same way the red color in 51 is paint code 46 (which in turn, by the way, is synonym with other red paints that does not occur on the Amazon, such as 43), and the midnight blue color in 54 is paint code 31 (synonym also with 35 and 45). The greybeige color in the two-toned cars is paint code 65. The last two tone cars sold to the public were of model year 1961. The police edition was in black and white and remained in production from 1958 up until 1970 but the first model years typically have color code 19 stated (not 60). The very first police painted cars that Volvo delivered to the Swedish police were Amazons and had white tops (later black). In total, Volvo delivered some 750 Volvo Amazon in police edition (including unmarked cars) to the Swedish police.

Metallic

In 1952, Volvo introduced the classic maroon paint of so called metallichrome type on the PV 444 (which up until then mostly came as either black or grey). Metallichrome was the metallic paint of the time, a beautiful shining cellulose based paint that was notoriously difficult to maintain - the beautiful shine soon disappeared despite proper care and the paint was generally fragile. The color code was 8 and was replaced with a synthetic paint of the same tone in 1955, now with color code 21. There were supposedly a few early Volvo Amazons with paint code 21 (Red metallic) from factory, but in light of Wilsgaard's test paints above it's more probable that paint code 21 was confused with WPC 21. Later during the production of the Volvo Amazon, Volvo tries out several metallic paints on the Amazon but these are test paints and with the exception of 53/102 (Steelblue metallic) it is an extremely limited amount of cars painted in metallic paints. Other examples of metallic paints used as test paints on the Volvo Amazon are 53/90 (Silver metallic) and 53/91 (Bluegreen metallic). The test paint 53/92 is probably also a metallic paint. Read more about test paints further down on this page.

Paint codes

The table below lists the official color names that the cars were delivered as. For marketing reasons it was common that the same paint code was named differently on different markets and therefore has more than one color name. Please note that the information on this page is a translation from Swedish. The exact wording of the color names may therefore differ from the official Volvo color name, but their meaning remains the same. Please also note that not all colors listed on a model year below were available on all markets at the same time. This is particularly true around the 1961 model year whith the broader introduction of single tone cars and as Volvo 122 S was introduced in the USA. Further, all colors were not available on all editions. Particularly the Volvo Amazon Favorit and the Volvo 123 GT had limited color ranges, which also differed per market. Volvo Amazon Favorit sold very well in Norway and Denmark and was available there as Cherry red (46) and Light blue (95), colors that were not available on the Favorit in Sweden. Similarly, the Volvo Canadian GT was available as Light green (91) and Light blue (95). The foreign assembly plants in South Africa and Chile painted the cars that they assembled themselves and these were shipped from Gothenburg with the field for color on the type designation plate empty. These cars are therefore found in different colors than the ones produced in Sweden.

There are more deviations. California white (42), for instance, took a break between 1963 and 1968 when Pearl white (79) was the only white alternative. Other minor deviations occur, including specially painted cars - National Road Administration yellow (55) and Military green (58) are two examples, as is Royal blue (31) which was the paint code used on the Amazons delivered each year between 1958 and 1966 to the Royal Danish Court. Another is the fire departments in Sweden that used the Estate as command vehicles which were painted in Cherry red (46), a combination that was not sold to the public.

Another short lived production paint on the Volvo Amazon was blue green (85) which is found on early 1964 cars (and also on the PV 544), but was discontinued due to quality reasons. The paint took too long to dry which caused delays in the production and so it was discontinued. Note also that Volvo is not consistent in their use of their own color codes: for instance 59 denominates Pearl grey in the early years (pre 120-series) and later Olive green. How Volvo managed to keep this mess of colors in order remains a mystery.

The picture above is of the type designation plate of Volvo's first series produced Amazon. From the top type designation (P 1200), chassis number (1), color exterior (12), color interior (12) and upholstery (455). The car is Greybeige with black top today, but was according to Wilsgaard's paint scheme above painted grey with white top from factory. The car may have been repainted by the owner (Volvo) after the point in time when the official production colors of the Amazon series had been decided, but that has not been established yet. The car is on display at the Svedino car museum in Ugglarp but is in a quite miserable condition. Pictures of the interior give a hint of what the color Pigeon blue looked like, as the car is not repainted on the inside.

Please click here for an incomplete list of combinations of paint and upholstery codes.

Please note that the examples below are only for illustration and are not exact color reflections.

Color code
Color
Example
Model year
Comments
19 Black 1957 - 1970 Not on the Estate.
31, 31-4 Midnight blue / royal blue 1961, 1966 31-4: P12134VE182906 *
35 Midnight blue / royal blue 1961
42 California white / cascade white / ivory 1959 - 1962, 1969 - 1970 Also ch.-no. 2 (1957). Only USA 1959 - 1960.
46 Cherry red / ruby red / red 1962 - 1970 Also the Estate (for the Fire Department: P22134VF33749, P223361P65608)
49 Two-tone: Black with greybeige top 1957 - 1961 Black (19) and greybeige (65)
50 Two-tone: Greybeige with black top 1957 - 1961 Greybeige (65) and black (19)
51 Two-tone: Cherry red with greybeige top 1957 - 1961 Cherry red (46) and greybeige (65)
54 Two-tone: Midnight blue with greybeige top 1957 - 1961 Midnight blue (31) and greybeige (65). From ch.-no. 1933.
56, 56-1 Olive green 1957 - 1961
59 Olive green 1959 - 1961
60, 60-1 Police edition 1966 - 1970 Black (19) and white (189). 60-1 see P221341SP72173.
63 Black 1959 - 1966 Rare. Sweden only? Only the Police? P12104UVB31440.
65 Greybeige / light grey / pastel grey 1961 - 1962 Only USA 1961.
67, 67-1 Slate blue / pastel blue 1961 - 1964
72 Fawn brown / doe brown / brown 1962 - 1963 Not the Estate.
73 Mist green / Nobel green / light green 1961 - 1963
79, 79-1 Pearl white / off white / white 1963 - 1968
80, 80-1, 80-2 Graphite grey / grey 1963 - 1966 80-2 see P22134VE25356.
84 Golden yellow / yellow / desert sand 1964 - 1965
85 Blue green / turquoise 1964 Early cars. Canceled due to quality issues. Also on the PV 544.
86 Blue or green? 1963 Only 12298VF for Arica, Chile. Color not yet found.
89 Light blue / horizon blue 1965 - 1966
90 Dark blue / navy blue 1965 - 1966
91 Light green 1966 - 1967
94 Dark green / green 1967 - 1970
95, 95-1 Light blue / ice blue 1967 - 1968
96 Dark blue / royal blue / Pacific blue 1967 - 1970
97 Light yellow / yellow / sand yellow / Sahara yellow 1968 - 1969
99 Blue / medium blue / sky blue / Mediterranean blue 1969 - 1970

From Volvo's delivery books we know that that color code 86 exist on the Amazon during model year 1963 for around a hundred or so CKDs delivered for assembly to Arica, Chile starting with ch.-no. 130222 (also ch.-no. 134283-134378). These cars have high ch.-no. in the model year 1963 range while the Arica plant opened already in the summer of 1963. Why the Arica plant painted some of their CKDs themselves while others came painted from Gothenburg is not known, but is probably because the paint shop was not yet finished at the assembly plant when they wanted to start the assembly. The color is said to be either blue, green or something in between which actually makes sense since color code 85 was bluegreen and used around the same time. No pictures of an Amazon with color code 86 in the type designation plate have yet surfaced.

As stated, single-tone cars before 1961 are rare but they do exist. Above is an ad from Volvo depicting a red (46) B16 car. The model year of this particular car is not known but more known is that Volvo enrolled not less than four cars, all single-tone red 122 S, in the 1959 Daily Express BRDC International Trophy in Class B at Silverstone with legendary driver Gunnar Andersson finishing first and with two of the other three cars finishing second and fourth. Amazon dominance in red!

Black and white police cars were delivered already in 1958, but typically with color code 19 stated. The police cars were based on the regular sport edition (Amazon Sport, 122 S) and equiped for the police at a special station after the car had left the production line. Deviations in paint and color codes therefore occur. Unmarked police cars - typically black (19) - did not have color code 60 but can be distinguished by the ending P in the type designation after the model year letter as well as by the S-codes. The police cars had several different upholsteries, some that are S-coded, but were predominantely red.

There are examples of how Volvo has repainted already painted bodies when introducing a new color, and in many cases did a sloppy job. When Mist green (73) was introduced in 1962 Volvo repainted several bodies originally painted Slate blue (67), a color that was introduced the year before. The blue color is still present in the trunk and in the engine bay of these cars while the rest of the body is painted green. The same thing occures among cars painted in test paints (see further down) and also when the paint Blue green (85) is introduced in 1964 where several of these cars appear to have been originally Black (19).

Shades

Some paint codes are accompanied by yet another digit, for instance 79-1, which indicates a different paint supplier and potentially a different tone of 79. The reason is that Volvo used different suppliers for some of its top coats. The paint is supposed to match Volvo pearl white (79) but slight differences in shade can occur. Volvo therefore recommend using the exact same paint code when touching up the paint, but Volvo also consider some shades to be synonymous with eachother and consequently sell touch-up paint for several shades (for instance 79 and 79-1) under the same part number (277346). Known shades for the Volvo Amazon are 31-4*, 56-1, 60-1**, 67-1, 79-1, 80-1, 80-2 and 95-1.

The shades are numbered based on when in time they are used in production for the first time, so 80 was delivered by the first supplier, 80-1 by the second, 80-2 by the third and so on. This goes on up until and including model year 1977, long after the Amazon has been retired. From model year 1978 the number instead states what supplier has supplied the paint:

  • -1 = Glasurit (BASF)
  • -2 = Herberts
  • -3 = Beckers
  • -4 = ICI
  • -5 = Sikkens (AKZO)
  • -6 = Lewis
  • -7 = Sigma

* Special delivery to the Royal Danish Court. Including P12134VK182906, S-1217. Implies the existance of also 31-1, 31-2 and 31-2, but not necessarily on the Amazon.
** Refers to the white in paint code 60, which is a two-tone finish.

Colors per model year

Below is essentially the same table again but listed per model year (i.e. what colors were available per model year). Note that Volvo at least marketed that some colors only came in combination with a particular upholstery (see the section on combinations) and with certain engines and gearboxes, but exceptions should occur considering that marketing differed in different markets, that not all editions where available on all markets and that a paying customer with a firm idea of the equipment level of his/her new Volvo had a pretty good chance of getting what they wanted at Volvo. Test paints or other special colors are not included in this list.

Model year
Colors
Comments
1957 Black (19)
Black with greybeige top (49)
Greybeige with black top (50)
Cherry red with greybeige top (51)
Midnight blue with greybeige top (54)
Olive green (56)
1958 Black (19)
Black with greybeige top (49)
Greybeige with black top (50)
Cherry red with greybeige top (51)
Midnight blue with greybeige top (54)
Olive green (56)
1959 Black (19)
Black with greybeige top (49)
Greybeige with black top (50)
Cherry red with greybeige top (51)
Midnight blue with greybeige top (54)
Olive green (56, 59)
1960 Black (19)
Black with greybeige top (49)
Greybeige with black top (50)
Cherry red with greybeige top (51)
Midnight blue with greybeige top (54)
Olive green (56, 59)
1961 Black (19)
California white (42)
Midnight blue (31, 35)
Black with greybeige top (49)
Greybeige with black top (50)
Cherry red with greybeige top (51)
Midnight blue with greybeige top (54)
Olive green (56, 59)
Greybeige (65)
Slate blue (67)
Mist green (73)
1962 Black (19)
California white (42)
Cherry red (46)
Greybeige (65)
Slate blue (67)
Fawn brown (72)
Mist green (73)
1963 Black (19)
Cherry red (46)
Slate blue (67)
Fawn brown (72)
Mist green (73)
Pearl white (79)
Graphite grey (80)
Light blue (86)
1964 Black (19)
Cherry red (46)
Slate blue (67)
Pearl white (79)
Graphite grey (80)
Golden yellow (84)
Blue green (85)
1965 Black (19)
Cherry red (46)
Pearl white (79)
Graphite grey (80)
Golden yellow (84)
Light blue (89)
Dark blue (90)
1966 Black (19)
Cherry red (46)
Pearl white (79)
Graphite grey (80)
Light blue (89)
Dark blue (90)
Light green (91)
1967 Black (19)
Cherry red (46)
Pearl white (79)
Light green (91)
Dark green (94)
Light blue (95)
Dark blue (96)
1968 Black (19)
Cherry red (46)
Pearl white (79)
Dark green (94)
Light blue (95)
Dark blue (96)
Light yellow (97)
1969 Black (19)
California white (42)
Cherry red (46)
Dark green (94)
Dark blue (96)
Light yellow (97)
Blue (99)
1970 Black (19)
California white (42)
Cherry red (46)
Dark green (94)
Dark blue (96)
Blue (99)

In contemporary sales literature, Volvo write that the Amazon's body "undergoes thorough rustprotection where it first is washed very carefully, after which the body is bonderized and given a light etched surface that increases the adhesiveness of the paint. It is then dipped in a special rustprotective paint, dried and checked before being ready for treatement in Volvo's modern paint shop. In the paint shop, the durable priming and middle paints are applied and finally the impact resistant and beautiful top coating. Thanks to the meticulous preparations and the modern paint methods the body is left with a shiny and beatuiful surface, which keeps its luster and its protective properties for a very long time."

Touch-up paint

Some paint codes are interexchangeable, i.e. the same paint is delivered under the same part number for more than one paint code. As an example of this, Volvo states the following touch-up paints in an accessories catalogue. Note that all paint codes do not apply to the 120-series. The table below gives the hint that despite Volvo's great variety of paint codes, several of them are in fact identical (atleast from a touch-up perspective).

Paint
Paint codes
Part number
Black 19, 49, 50 277020
Midnight blue 31, 35, 45, 54 277022
California white 42 277024
Cherry red 43, 46, 51 277025
Greybeige 43, 44, 45, 49, 50, 51, 54, 65 277026
Golden beige 48 277028
Olive green 56, 56-1, 68, 68-1 277029
Slate blue 67, 67-1 277030
Fawn brown 72 277031, 277188
Mist green 73 277032
Pearl white 79, 79-1 277346
Graphite grey 80, 80-1 277350
Golden yellow 84 277448
Blue green 85 277450

Test paint

A smaller amount of cars were painted in test colors. These cars have a number combination consisting of two numbers stated as paint code, where the first number indicates the producer of the paint and the second number indicates the color code. Most common is the producer code for DuPont, "53", but "94" also occurs (but with an yet unknown producer). Sometimes Volvo punches the sign "/" between the numbers for producer and color code, and sometimes the sign "-". With the exception of 53/102, very few cars were painted in test colors, commonly only one unit and these were typically not sold to customers but instead used as test cars, show room cars or sold to Volvo employees.

53/102 was relatively common on the 1967 123 GT - maybe as many as 100 cars - and is not rarely seen on photos of Volvo reseller's showrooms of the time (like in the picture below). It is also found the 121 that same modelyear and is mentioned in workshop bulletins from Volvo. 94/102 also occurs, both on 121 and on the 123 GT, modelyear 1967 but is probably even more uncommon. It is very likely the same color (steelblue metallic) but with another producer. It is obvious that Volvo preferred DuPont.


Steel blue metallic (53-102) 123 GT on display in reseller's showroom.

According to owners of test painted Amazons these cars are sparsely painted and the primer shines through in places like the engine bay and the trunk. Comparisons of cars painted in the same test paint also reveal quite big differences in shade, which is likely explained by the fact that they were produced only in few numbers and often far apart from eachother in terms of chassis numbers.

Some early test paints, like 53/23 and 53/27, later became official production paints on Volvo Amazon. You can notice that trend also in 53/64, a dark blue test paint used on a small number of 1964 P 130. Dark blue is available from 1965 under color code 90 (from 1967 under color code 96). Steel blue metallic (102) is an official paint on the Volvo 140, Volvo 164 as well as on the P 1800, but never made it on the Amazon.

More test paint colors than the ones found in the table below could exist.

Paint code
Paint
Model year
Comments
53/23 Mist green 1961 ch.-no. 56087 (P 120)
53/24 Olive yellow 1961 ch.-no. 56088 (P 120)
53/25 Cloud blue 1961 ch.-no. 56089 (P 120)
53/26 Seal brown 1961 ch.-no. 56090, 61396 (P 120)
53/27 Fawn brown 1961 ch.-no. 56094, 61398 (P 120)
53/28 Navy blue 1961 ch.-no. 56091 (P 120)
53/29 Deep blue 1961 - 1962 ch.-no. 56092, 94443 (P 120)
53/30 Night blue 1961 ch.-no. 56093 (P 120)
53/31 Mercedes grey 1961 - 1962 ch.-no. 61397, 94441 (P 120)
53/33 <not stated> 1962 ch.-no. 94442 (P 120)
53/34 <not stated> 1962 ch.-no. 94440 (P 120)
53/56 <not stated> 1964 ch.-no. 8392 (P 220)
53/57 <not stated> 1964 ch.-no. 8393 (P 220)
53/58 <not stated> 1964 ch.-no. 8394 (P 220)
53/59 <not stated> 1964 ch.-no. 8395 (P 220)
53/60 <not stated> 1964 ch.-no. 8396 (P 220)
53/64 Dark blue 1964 ch.-no. 76363 - 76372 (P 130, 121)
53/65 Greybeige 1964 ch.-no. 78416 - 78421 (P 130)
53/90 Silver metallic 1966 ch.-no. 189059 - 189062 (P 130, 122 S)
53/91 Blue green metallic 1967 - 1968 ch.-no. 234837 - 234937, 235787 - 235817, 237351, 237993 (P 130 *), 62767 (P 220, 122 S)
53/92 <unknown> 1967 P 130, 121
53/102 Steel blue metallic 1967 Including ch.-no. 230401, 233390, 233622, 233982 (P 130 **)

* Mostly 123 GT, but also a few 121 (for instance ch.-no. 237351 and 237993) and 122 S (for instance ch.-no. 62767).
** Mostly 123 GT, but also a few 121 (for instance ch.-no. 241848, 241868, 243358, 243366 and 249574).

Test paint
Color
Example
Model year
Comment
53-90 Silver metallic 1966 Only 122 S. Only four known cars.
53-91 Blue green metallic 1967 Both 121 and 123 GT. Similar to production paint 111.
53-102 Steel blue metallic 1967 Both 121 and 123 GT. Later production paint 102.

Examples of type designation plates from Amazons with test paints:

53/64
53/90
53/91
53/92
53/102


Volvo Amazon
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